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Since ancient times, walls have been made to mark borders, to keep enemies out or to keep people in. As the time goes and people get more civic, world famous walls have also been built to serve as memorials and structures of art. Wall stands for security, safety and confidence.
10 World Famous Walls:
10. Wall of Ston
The Walls of Ston, built to protect city Ston, are a series of defensive stone walls. It is situated on the peninsula Peljesac in southern Croatia. Today the wall is 5.5 km long linking Ston to Mali ion was completed in the 15th century, along with its 40 towers and 5 fortresses. It is also known as “European wall of China”.
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9. Vietnam Veterans Memorial Wall
The Vietnam Veterans Memorial is a national war memorial in Washington, D.C to honor the U.S. service member of U.S. armed force who fought Vietnam War. Completing in 1983, the wall is made up of two 75.21 meter high walls. Exactly 58,300 names are inscribed on the wall who are dead or missing in the war. The wall is often described as the most moving memorial in the city as well as one of the world famous walls.
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8. Walls of Troy
Troy is a legendary city, made famous in Homer’s epic poem, the Iliad, located in what is now northwestern Turkey. This is where the great Trojan War took place. Troy contains several layers of ruins. The layer Troy VIIa has been dated to the mid- to late-13th century BC and probably the Troy of Homer. Part of the famous walls of Troy are still can be seen. Nowadays a large number of tourists visit Troy each year. A large wooden horse built as a playground for children, then shops and a museum, a remainder of the 12 years long war between Greeks and Trojans.
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7. Hadrian’s Wall
Hadrian’s Wall, also called The Roman wall was built by the Romans to protect their colony Britannia from the tribes in Scotland. Construction started in 122 AD, the wall stretches for 117 kilometers (73 miles) across the north of England from the Irish Sea to the North Sea. It was named after Roman Emperor Hadrian and was completed within six years. The wall was stationed by around 9,000 soldiers, including infantry and cavalry. Today it is among the most popular tourist attractions in England.
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6. Berlin Wall
The famous Berlin Wall in Germany divided Berlin from 1961 to 1989. It was one of the major political issue in Europe. Construction of the Berlin Wall began in 1961. It was a desperate attempt by East Germany to stop East Berliners escaping from the Soviet-controlled East German state into the West of the city, which was occupied by the Americans, British and French at that time.
Around 5,000 people attempted to escape circumventing the wall, with estimates of the resulting death toll varying between 98 and 200 during the Wall’s existence. The wall fall on 1990, paved the way of German reunification and a day of rejoice.
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5. Great Zimbabwe Walls
The Great Zimbabwe, is a series of stone ruins spread out over a large area in modern-day Zimbabwe. There are many hundred small ruins, known as Zimbabwes spread across the country. So the Great name is used to distinguish it with others. Built by native Bantu people, the construction started in the 11th century and finished 14th century. Great Zimbabwe had as many as 18,000 inhabitants. It is the largest ancient structure south of the Sahara Desert.
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Sacsayhuamán is a walled complex high above Cusco in Peru, historic capital of Inca Empire. Three parallel walls were built in different levels with lime stones of enormous sizes. It is thought that the winding walls represent the teeth of the puma’s head. The largest wall is 8.5 meter high and weighs about 140 metric tons. The wall is built in such an adjacent way that even a tiny single piece of paper will not fit between them. Cusco and Saksaywaman together were added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1983.
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3. Walls of Babylon
The Walls of Babylon, located in the city-state of ancient Mesopotamia, was one of the original wonders mentioned by Greek poet Antipater of Sidon. Built around 575 BC, both the gate and walls were constructed of blue glazed tiles with alternating rows of bas-relief dragons and aurochs. Former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein started both a restoration and new constructions on top of the old ruins in 1983. We are considering the wall at number 4 in our list of top 10 world famous walls.
2. Western Wall
The Western Wall, also known as the Wailing Wall is a famous Jewish religious site situated in the Old City of Jerusalem. It was constructed around 19 BC by Herod the Great. But the remaining layers were added after 7th century. The Western Wall is revered as the sole remnant of the Holy Temple by Jewish people. It is also venerated by other Abrahamic religions like Christian and Muslims.
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1. Great Wall of China
The gigantic and almost unbelievable human construction is the Great Wall of China. It was built, rebuilt, and maintained between the 5th century BC and the 16th century to protect the northern borders of the Chinese Empire from the attacks of the Xiongnu tribes. One of the most famous is the wall built between 220–206 BC by the first Emperor of China but little of that wall exists.
The majority of the existing wall were built during the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644 AD). The most reliable archaeological survey has recently concluded that the entire Great Wall, with all of its branches is 8,851.8 kilometers (5,500.3 miles).
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