Formed entirely by wind and water, Sea stacks are wonderful vertical rock structures standing in the sea. The process of formations of sea stacks begins with creating cracks in the headland. Whey they collapse, they form free-standing stacks. Interestingly, these stacks are again collapsed in the way these stacks were created.
10 Most Spectacular Sea Stacks:
10. Old Harry Rocks
The Old Harry Rocks, located on the Coast Dorset in the southern England, are two chalk stacks, which mark the eastern end of the Jurassic Coast. The cliffs are made up of chalk and some bands of flints within them. It is a continuously changing feature, as the stacks are being eroded by sea tide. Back in the 18th century, people could walk from the mainland to the stack at the very end nearest to sea bank.
9. Lange Anna
Located in the North Sea, The Lange Anna is a well-known landmark of the island Heligoland within the German territory. Although the island was much larger, the mighty waves eroded away most of the rocks above sea level. The continuous strikes of waves created exquisitely beautiful formations such as, caves and narrow peninsulas with various arches below.
Collapsing such an arch, the remains form a sea stack. The collapse of such a naturally formed arch results in a 154 feet (47 meter) stack in the year 1868. The natural beauty of the site sparks more in the spring when thousands of seabirds cover the rock to breed.
Also Read: Top 10 largest monoliths around the world
8. Sail Rock
The sandstone stack on the shore of the Black Sea in Russia is known as Parus Rock (Sail Rock). The stack, a 66 feet (20 meters) structure with a thickness of just slightly more than a meter is a remarkable in its proportions. Since it resembles the outline of a ship’s sail, it is given the nickname ‘Sail Rock’. There is a hole in the rock, which was presumably formed by an artillery fire during the famous Caucasian War.
7. Kicker Rock
Also known as the Sleeping Lion, or León Dormido, Kicker Rock is a popular destination for diving on the western side of Isla San Cristobal, the easternmost island in the Galápagos archipelago. The relics of a lava cone, splitting in two formed the rock. Hammerhead and Galápagos sharks are quite often attracted by the gentle current that passes through the two rocks. This rock is the home for thousands of seabirds.
Also read: Top 10 uninhabited Islands around the world
6. Bako Sea Stack
A coastline of steep cliffs, spectacular sea cliffs and stretches of sandy bays, created by the millions of years of erosion of the sandstone, is known as The Bako National Park, which is located in Sarawak, a state of eastern Malaysia, on the island of Borneo. Resembling a cobra had coming out of water, the sea stack in front of the beautiful beach of Pandan Kecil, is the most spectacular and well known landmark of Bako National Park. Highly endangered proboscis monkeys, which are well known for their big noses, live in this park.
5. Haystack Rock
Haystack Rock is a 72 meter (235 foot) tall sea stack situated on Cannon Beach, Oregon. Tufted puffins, gulls, and cormorants and many other birds are living in this rock. It is a major tourist attraction and can be gone by foot during low tide. Many people had temporarily stuck on this stack when high tide encloses the rock in water every year.
4. Ko Tapu
Ko Tapu (Nail Island) is a sea stack situated in the Phang Nga Bay, Thailand. Its altitude is 20 meter (66 foot). It has become a major tourist attraction since it was featured in the James Bond movie. It is also often referred to as James Bond Island for this reason. There is an interesting local legend behind the formation of Ko Tapu.
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3. Risin og Kellingin
Located on the northern coast of the island of Eysturoy in the Faroe Islands, the Risin og Kellingin are two sea stacks look like a giant. The Risin og Kellingin means “The Giant and the Witch” It is fascinating that the stacks itself originated a myth “the legend of the Giant and the Witch”. The altitude of the giant 71 meter (233 foot) and the witch (Kellingin) is 68 meter (223 foot). Geologists predict that Kellingin will fall into the sea sometime in the next few decades.
2. Old Man of Hoy
The Old Man of Hoy is a sea stack of 137 meters (449 feet) on the west coast of the island of Hoy, in the Orkney Islands, Scotland. It is one of the highest stacks in England formed from Old Red Sandstone. It is created by the erosion of a cliff through hydraulic action sometime after 1750 as you will not find it on maps drawn between 1600 and 1750. It is one of the popular climbing destination in England and was first climbed in 1966.
1. The Twelve Apostles
The Twelve Apostles are large limestone stacks in the world. It’s a collection of limestone stacks which were formed as a result of erosion by rain, winds and sea waves. The stacks are situated along the spectacular Great Ocean Road in Victoria, Australia. Although the biblical name Twelve Apostles there are only eight apostles. A 50 meter (164 feet) tall apostle collapsed most recently. In the caves below the Twelve Apostles, little Penguins can be found nesting.