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There are obvious criterions, so that we can name some of the wetlands as most important wetlands in the world. First of all, let’s define, what actually wetland is? A wetland is a land area that is either permanently or seasonally saturated with water. There are wetlands in almost every region of the world. These lands are considered the most biologically diverse of all ecosystems. A great number of water and land species live on wetlands. These most important wetlands also provide an important environment to much migratory bird. There are different types of wetlands include swamps, bogs, marshes and estuaries around the world. Here is a list of the most important wetlands in the world.
10 Most Important Wetlands:
The Camargue encloses the Rhone River delta in the southeast of Arles, France. About one third of Camargue is either marshlands or lakes. For bird watching in Europe, this is the best place. Its salty ponds are the habitats for the greater flamingo. This is one of the rarest place in Europe where this exotic nearly extinct creatures live. This is also the home to the famous Camargue Horse and Camargue Bull.
9. Wasur National Park
Wasur National Park is one of the largest and most important wetlands in the world. It is in the Indonesian province of Papua, on the island of New Guinea. Renowned as the Serengeti of Papua due to its incredible biodiversity, Wasur National Park maintains a large number of rare birds and animals. It is one of the least disturbed places for the wildlife’s.
Rawa Biru Lake is the best places for spotting wildlife in Wasur National Park. There are many migrant birds and water fowl species along with wallabies and cassowaries. More than two third of the area is Savanna. Almost all the natural flooded grassland systems are threatened by large scale changes to scrub and woodland. The invasions of alien species such as water Hyacinth and Mimosa Pigra is also responsible.
8. iSimangaliso Wetland Park
Previously known as Greater St. Lucia Wetlands Park, The iSimangaliso Wetland Park is one of the most diverse regions in South Africa’s KwaZulu-Natal province. The park is renowned for its huge wetlands, sand dunes, beaches and coral reefs. Elephants, leopard, black and white rhino, buffalo, and in the ocean, whales, dolphins, and marine turtles are some of the examples of the diverse animals of iSimangaliso Wetland Park.
7. Mekong Delta
The Mekong Delta, also known as the Western Region in the region in southern Vietnam. this is one of the most important wetlands in the world, where the Mekong River approaches and empties into the sea. Undoubtedly one of the best tourist attractions in Vietnam. The lands are very fertile, covered with rice fields that produce about half of the total of Vietnam’s agricultural output. The life of Mekong Delta is based on river, so all the villages are often accessible by river rather than by road.
6. Kakadu Wetlands
About half the size of Switzerland, the Kakadu National Park has a diverse wetland. Located in the Northern Territory of Australia, the park’s wetlands provide one of the best wildlife viewing chances. The saltwater and freshwater crocodiles can usually be seen sleeping on the bank of the many rivers but if you are lucky enough if you can see them swimming or floating in the river.
Yellow Water billabong is one of the best known landmarks in the park. Situated beside the small settlement of Cooinda, Yellow Water is home to crocodiles, wild horses, buffalo and other wildlife. Millions of migratory birds each year come to the billabong, which floods to join other waterways during the tropical season.
5. Kerala backwaters
The Kerala backwaters are a series of lakes and lagoons lying parallel to the Arabian Sea coast in the Kerala state in India. Both manmade and natural canals interlink the five large lakes. The water is provided to the lakes by 38 rivers. Many unique species of aquatic life including crabs, frogs and mudskippers, water birds and animals such as otters and turtles live around the backwaters. The backwaters are now a promising tourist spots. Many tourists are visiting the Kerala backwaters by houseboat.
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Considered as one of the most important wetlands in the world, the Everglades are a vast, shallow, slow moving river of grass that extends from Lake Okeechobee to Florida Bay. It is located in the state of Florida, USA. Except for its deeper places, the lands are almost dry in dry seasons. There are the habitats of over twenty different kinds of birds and hundreds of other species.
From the surrounding urban areas, many pets have escaped or been released into this land. For the top of the food chain South Asian native the Burmese python is now competing with the largest reptile in North America, American Alligator. More than 1,200 Burmese pythons from the Everglades National Park are removed in 2009.
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3. Okavango Delta
Located in Botswana, the Okavango Delta is one of the world’s great inland waterways. It is formed where the Okavango River empties onto a basin in the Kalahari Desert. In this place instead of draining into the sea, most of the water is lost to evaporation and transpiration.
The Okavango delta has a wide variety of wildlife including elephant, hippopotamus, giraffe, crocodile, lion, cheetah, rhinoceros and zebra. There live 200,000 large mammals but most of them do not stay here permanently. They leave with the summer rains and make their way back as winter comes.
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The Sundarbans is the largest mangrove in the world spreading across Bangladesh and West Bengal in India. The Sundarbans which means in Bengali, beautiful jungle is unique for its plant growing nature. The trees of Sundarbans have developed different kind of adaptations to survive in salty tidy waters. Here lives the world famous “Royal Bengal Tiger”.
The tiger with its beautiful stripes, ferocity steal the show of Sundarbans. Although this tiger can be found in other part of south Asia, the density of the tigers in Sundarbans is higher than any other part of the world. Several other predators dwell in the labyrinth of channels, branches and roots of the jungle.
Lying mostly in Western Brazil but extending into Bolivia and Paraguay as well, the Pantanal is the world’s largest and most important wetlands of any kind. It is one of Brazil’s major tourist draw for its wildlife. Unlike many other biologically intense areas, you don’t have to be disappointed in viewing wildlife. Capybara and the Yacare Caiman are the two special species live in Pantanal.
Other mammals such as the vulnerable Giant River Otter are slightly harder to spot, but still not as hard as Amazon. To spot a Jaguar in the wild, there is no place in all America is as good as the Pantanal, undoubtedly the very best of the most important wetlands in the world.